Milk Nutrition Facts
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Milk Nutrition Facts

In cooperation with Dimitris Grigorakis, Clinical Nutritionist-Dietician, MSc, Scientific Director of the Dietetic Support & Metabolic Control Centre APISXNANSIS - LOGO DIATROFIS, President of the Hellenic Nutritionists Society, www.logodiatrofis.gr, www.activekids.gr, www.care24.gr.

Milk is a necessary food for the body’s optimal function, given that it is the exclusive food during the early stages of life. There are many types of milk, both of animal and of vegetable origin. However, the most common type of milk is cow's milk, which is characterized by a high protein content (casein). Peptides derived from casein enhance the body's defence mechanisms, regulate blood pressure, and help to deal with stress since they have soothing properties. Moreover, cow's milk consumption is recommended on a daily basis, since it is rich in calcium, phosphorus and vitamin B12, nutrients that are necessary for skeletal and teeth health, for the production of healthy red blood cells and for the proper function of the central nervous system. Cow's milk nutritional value is presented in detail below: .

Finally, cow's milk contains lactose, a nutrient which belongs to the group of sugars and enhances calcium absorption in the intestine.

Cow's milk nutritional value is presented in detail below: 

A) Macronutrient composition of full-fat milk, amount per serving (100 gr)
Energy 63kcal
Proteins 3,2gr
Carbohydrates 4,7gr
Total Fat 3,5gr
Saturated Fat 2,5gr
Monounsaturated Fat 0,9gr
Polyunsaturated Fat 0,09gr
Cholesterol 13mg

 

Micronutrient composition of full-fat milk, amount per serving (100 gr)
  Amount per serving (100 gr) % RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance)
Calcium 118mg 15%
Phosphorus 99mg 14%
Vitamin Β12 (Cyanocobalamin) 0,4μg 16%
B) Macronutrient composition of low-fat milk, amount per serving (100 gr)
Energy 45kcal
Proteins 3,2gr
Carbohydrates 4,7gr
Total Fat 1,5gr
Saturated Fat 1,05gr
Monounsaturated Fat 0,4gr
Polyunsaturated Fat 0,04gr
Cholesterol 5,7mg
Micronutrient composition of low-fat milk, amount per serving (100 gr)
  Amount per serving (100 gr) % RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance)
Calcium 120mg 15%
Phosphorus  93mg 13%
Vitamin Β12 (Cyanocobalamin) 0,4μg 16%

 

References:

  1. HUTH PJ, DiRienzo DB, Miller GD. Major Scientific Advances with Dairy Foods in Nutrition and Health. Journal of Dairy Science(2006);89:4: 1207–1221.
  2. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference